Ectropion and entropion are an outward or inward rotation of the eyelid, respectively. The eyelids are important in protecting the eyeballs and preventing damage. However, eyelids can become incorrect in their position.
The two most common forms of the eyelid in correction are:
Ectropion is a condition where the eyelid rolls out. Ectropion is more visible and can feel uncomfortable.
Entropion is the rolling in of the eyelid. While ectropion is more visible, entropion is more pressing to treat due to the risk of the eyelashes rubbing against the eyeball and causing damage.
Causes and Symptoms
Both ectropion and entropion are most commonly caused by aging changes, which can cause an imbalance of the eyelid muscles, forcing the eyelid to either roll in or out. These conditions can also be caused by scarring in the eyelid, and in some cases, people can be born with it.
Those with the condition can experience symptoms of foreign body sensation, burning sensation, or redness in the eye. In some cases, ectropion and entropion can increase the mucus discharge within the eye, which can often be mistaken for an infection.
Treating Ectropion and Entropion
Both ectropion and entropion can be treated using non-invasive techniques, such as using tape to pull the eyelid out or applying lubrication to make the eye more comfortable. However, these are only temporizing techniques, and surgery is usually needed to correct the condition.
Surgery can include tightening the eyelid in the corner or rebalancing the muscles to ensure the eyelid remains in the correct position. If the ectropion or entropion is caused by scarring, a procedure to release the scar and treat the underlying cause of the scarring can be performed.